Where And When Do Electoral College Electors Vote? (2023)

1. About the Electors | National Archives

  • May 3, 2023 · The Electoral College website now has an easy-to-remember address. Make sure to update your bookmarks! What are the qualifications to be an ...

  • The Electoral College website now has an easy-to-remember address. Make sure to update your bookmarks! What are the qualifications to be an elector? The U.S. Constitution contains very few provisions relating to the qualifications of electors. Article II, section 1, clause 2 provides that no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

2. What is the Electoral College? | National Archives

  • Jul 6, 2023 · The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your State has the same ...

  • The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The Founding Fathers established it in the Constitution, in part, as a compromise between the election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. What is the process? The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. How many electors are there? How are they distributed among the States?

3. Electoral College | USAGov

  • Learn about the Electoral College, which decides who will be elected president and vice president of the United States.

Electoral College | USAGov

4. [PDF] The Electoral College - Alabama Secretary of State

  • What is the Electoral College? Every four years, voters elect a group of electors whose only purpose is to elect the president and vice president. This group of ...

5. Who Are Electors And How Do They Get Picked? - NPR

  • Dec 14, 2020 · Another official move in America's sometimes-convoluted presidential election process takes place Monday as the electors of the Electoral ...

  • Electors are picked by state parties, and in most states they are bound to follow the popular vote and made to sign pledges or be threatened with fines and even criminal action.

Who Are Electors And How Do They Get Picked? - NPR

6. Presidential election process | USAGov

  • Learn about the presidential election process, including the Electoral College, caucuses and primaries, and the national conventions.

Presidential election process | USAGov

7. Electoral College Information - California Secretary of State

  • How do we elect the President? Unlike in most elections, the person who becomes president is not necessarily the candidate who wins the most votes on Election ...

  • Find information about the Electoral College here.

8. Georgia's Role in the Electoral College

  • How it works. When you cast a vote for a presidential candidate, you're not actually voting for the president; you're voting for a group of ...

  • The Electoral College is the process we use to elect the U.S. president. Established in the U.S. Constitution, its purpose is to spread the power to elect the president across all 50 states. It was designed to ensure that the more populous states didn’t overpower the smaller states when choosing the nation’s leader.

Georgia's Role in the Electoral College

9. Electoral College - History, Art & Archives - House.gov

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  • Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state has as many "electors" in the Electoral College as it has Representatives and Senators in the United States Congress, and the District of Columbia has three electors. When voters go to the polls in a Presidential election, they actually vote for the slate of electors who have vowed to cast their ballots for that ticket in the Electoral College.ElectorsMost states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the most votes in that state. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. Electors cannot vote for a Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate who both hail from an elector’s home state. For instance, if both candidates come from New York, New York’s electors may vote for one of the candidates, but not both. In this hypothetical scenario, however, Delaware’s electors may vote for both New York candidates. This requirement is a holdover from early American history when one of the country’s major political fault lines divided big states from small states. The founders hoped this rule would prevent the largest states from dominating presidential elections.Maine and Nebraska employ a “district system” in which two at-large electors vote for the winner of the state’s popular vote and one elector votes for the popular winner in each congressional district. Although it is not unconstitutional for electors to vote for someone other than those to whom they pledged their support, many states, as well as the District of Columbia, “bind” electors to their candidate using oaths and fines. During the nineteenth century, “faithless electors”—those who broke their pledge and voted for someone else—were rare, but not uncommon, particularly when it came to Vice Presidents. In the modern era, faithless electors are rarer still, and have never determined the outcome of a presidential election.There has been one faithless elector in each of the following elections: 1948, 1956, 1960, 1968, 1972, 1976, and 1988. A blank ballot was cast in 2000. In 2016, seven electors broke with their state on the presidential ballot and six did so on the vice presidential ballot. ProcedureSince the mid-20th century, Congress has met in a Joint Session every four years on January 6 at 1:00 p.m. to tally votes in the Electoral College. The sitting Vice President presides over the meeting and opens the votes from each state in alphabetical order. He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results. House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then announces the name of the next President.With the ratification of the Twentieth Amendment to the Constitution (and starting with the 75th Congress in 1937), the electoral votes are counted before the newly sworn-in Congress, elected the previous November.The date of the count was changed in 1957, 1985, 1989, 1997, 2009, and 2013. Sitting Vice Presidents John C. Breckinridge (1861), Richard Nixon (1961), and Al Gore (2001) all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency. ObjectionsSince 1887, 3 U.S.C. 15 has set the method for objections by Members of Congress to electoral votes. During the Joint Session, lawmakers may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole. An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator. In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately for no more than two hours; each Member may speak for five minutes or less. After each house votes on whether to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions. If both chambers agree to the objection, the electoral votes in question are not counted. If either chamber opposes the objection, the votes are counted.Objections to the Electoral College votes were recorded in 1969, 2005, and 2021. In all cases, the House and Senate rejected the objections and the votes in question were counted.Amending the ProcessOriginally, the Electoral College provided the Constitutional Convention with a compromise between two main proposals: the popular election of the President and the election of the President by Congress.Prior to 1804, electors made no distinction between candidates when voting for president and vice president; the candidate with the majority of votes became President and the candidate with the second-most votes became Vice President. The Twelfth Amendment—proposed in 1803 and ratified in 1804—changed that original process, requiring electors to separate their votes and denote who they voted for as President and Vice President. See Electoral College and Indecisive Elections for more information.The District of Columbia has had three electors since the Twenty-third Amendment was ratified in 1961.There have been other attempts to change the system, particularly after cases in which a candidate wins the popular vote, but loses in the Electoral College. Five times a candidate has won the popular vote and lost the election. Andrew Jackson in 1824 (to John Quincy Adams); Samuel Tilden in 1876 (to Rutherford B. Hayes); Grover Cleveland in 1888 (to Benjamin Harrison); Al Gore in 2000 (to George W. Bush); Hillary Clinton in 2016 (to Donald J. Trump).The closest Congress has come to amending the Electoral College since 1804 was during the 91st Congress (1969–1971) when the House passed H.J. Res. 681 which would have eliminated the Electoral College altogether and replaced it with the direct election of a President and Vice President (and a run off if no candidate received more than 40 percent of the vote). The resolution cleared the House 338 to 70, but failed to pass the Senate.Contingent ElectionsIn the case of an Electoral College deadlock or if no candidate receives the majority of votes, a “contingent election” is held. The election of the President goes to the House of Representatives. Each state delegation casts a single vote for one of the top three contenders from the initial election to determine a winner.Only two Presidential elections (1800 and 1824) have been decided in the House.Though not officially a contingent election, in 1876, South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana submitted certificates of elections for both candidates. A bipartisan commission of Representatives, Senators, and Supreme Court Justices, reviewed the ballots and awarded all three state’s electoral votes to Rutherford B. Hayes of Ohio, who won the presidency by a single electoral vote.See Electoral College and Indecisive Elections for more information on Contingent Elections.

Electoral College - History, Art & Archives - House.gov

10. Electoral College - Flagler County Supervisor of Elections

  • If no candidate gets a majority of the electoral vote, the House of Representatives elects the president, with each state having one vote. This happened in 1800 ...

  • Watch video on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oyIFqf3XH24

11. The Electoral College Explained | Brennan Center for Justice

  • Feb 17, 2021 · A presidential candidate must win a majority of the electoral votes cast to win — at least 270 if all 538 electors vote. The Constitution ...

  • A national popular vote would help ensure that every vote counts equally, making American democracy more representative.

The Electoral College Explained | Brennan Center for Justice

12. What is the Electoral College? | The Presidential Election Process

  • Feb 9, 2021 · If you're an American citizen, 18 years of age or older, you probably think you have the right to vote for presidential candidates in the ...

  • If you're an American citizen, 18 years of age or older, you probably think you have the right to vote for presidential candidates in the national election. However, that's not entirely correct! In our country, when citizens punch their ballots for president, they actually vote for a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States.

What is the Electoral College? | The Presidential Election Process
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